Located in Jerusalem, Mount Herzl is Israel’s national cemetery, built to the west, close to Jerusalem Forest. It was built in 1951 to serve as a resting place for important Israeli heads of state, Knesset speakers, soldiers, and victims of terror. Inside the burial grounds, you can visit the tomb of Herzl; the namesake of the cemetery. Close by are the graves of former prime ministers such as Levi Eshkol, Golda Meir and Yitzhak Rabin. Not all prominent Israeli politicians are buried here. For example, you will not see the graves of David Ben Gurion, Menachem Begin or Ariel They have all chosen to be buried elsewhere.
Even though Mount Herzl is technically a Jewish cemetery, Israeli soldiers who have fallen in combat are buried here; regardless of their religion, ethnicity or place of birth. A section of Mount Herzl is dedicated to Israeli police who have been killed in the line of duty. Another section has also been added to house victims of terrorist attacks.
As the designated Israeli National Cemetery, many important state ceremonies throughout the year take place here. Some examples include: Remembrance Day for Fallen Soldier’s and Victims of Terror, (Yom Hazikaron), Israeli Independence Day (Yom Haatzmaut), and Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom Hashoah).