Named by BBC as one of the “40 Places to Visit before You Die” as well as one of the “New 7 Wonders of the World”, a trip to Petra is not to be missed.
The ancient city of Petra was a very important stop on both the Silk Road and Spice Route. The city linked the region with Arabia, and Egypt as well as China and India. Located between the Red Sea and Dead Sea, this was an ideal location for a city.
During the Nabataean Civilization, Petra was the capital city and trade center. The city was built and carved into the red colored rocks surrounded by mountains. Archeologists believe the city could have been built as early 312 BCE. In 1985, it was designated a World Heritage site by UNESCO. Today, the city is an archeological park. While there are Bedouin villages close by, no one inhabits the age-old city anymore.
Once in Petra, you will enter the city via the Siq. After a very short walk, you will come face-to-face with the breathtaking Treasury monument, carved completely into the stone. You will also visit the Roman theatre, the tombs, caves in the rocks and the colonnaded street.